THE PIRACY ECOSYSTEM
"More than 90% of newly-released movies that appear illegally on the Internet and on the streets around the world originate from illegal copies being made in cinemas."
Typically, movies are stolen and then distributed through international distribution systems such as:
1. ILLEGAL RECORDING
A movie is illegally recorded from a cinema using compact digital cameras, camcorders and mobile phones.
2. PIRACY VIA THE INTERNET
Illegally-recorded movies are sold to "release groups" who distribute these illegal movies around the world even faster using computer servers known as "top sites." The stolen movie is then distributed on the Internet via facilitators and file-sharers.
3. ILLEGAL MANUFACTURE OF PIRATED DVDs
Illegally-recorded movies are sold to manufacturers, ie. factories or burning labs, who rapidly manufacture and distribute millions of illegal DVDs through an extensive international network of distributors and couriers. Smaller burning labs evolve to service local markets and neighborhoods.
4. MASS DISTRIBUTION
The illegal movies end up being sold on the Internet, in shopping malls, markets, on the streets, pubs and clubs and by other illegal means.
Organised crime groups can reproduce stolen movies in large–scale factories or work from smaller-scale burning labs, and are increasingly turning to the Internet to distribute stolen movies. Either way, they are capable of copying and distributing millions of illegal movies each year.